Legislation

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National legislation

Article 22 of the KR Constitution guarantees everyone freedom from torture and other cruel, degrading, inhuman treatment and punishment. Everyone who is deprived of his/ her freedom has the right to humane treatment and respect for human dignity. It is forbidden to conduct medical, biological and psychological experiments on people without their voluntary consent, expressed and satisfied in a proper way.

The constitutional norm reflected in other legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic. In 2003, Article 305-1 appeared in the Criminal Code of the Kyrgyz Republic. The Article prohibits the use of torture and criminalizes such acts.

The Criminal Procedure Code of the Kyrgyz Republic specifies that each person have a number of legal guarantees during the arrest. Compliance with these procedural norms is important for the implementation of freedom from torture. You can learn more about them here.

Prevention of torture and other forms of ill-treatment is an effective measure in the fight against torture. In December 2008, Kyrgyzstan ratified the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against Torture. This international treaty obliges states to create an independent preventive mechanism that will systematically visit places of deprivation and restriction of freedom. In 2012, the Jogorku Kenesh adopted the Law of the Kyrgyz Republic “On the National Center for the Prevention of Torture”.

The Coalition against Torture in Kyrgyzstan is systematically working to improve the national legislation of the country in the field of combating torture and other forms of ill-treatment